The lesson today involves acquiring knowledge from the anthology.
Follow the link in my tool-bar to the A2 Coursework Section and choose several of the articles to focus on.
Store this knowledge effectively and THINK about the ideas.
Take the survey ... it will shape next week's learning
Click for the quotes ---
Please post comments below - use a literary alias for anonymity.
Then ... comment on another's post - give them feedback from the success criteria above.
E.g. "I thought that your explanation of how the public spaces coveyed anxiety was really interesting - could you speculate about how Virginia Woolf might be exploring
other themes and anxieties that are tied up with this to add depth".
1) Epiphanies: Please post your epiphanies below (anonymously) so that we can have a look.
2) Reflect on what you were trying to achieve and then speculate as to what Virginia Woolf's purpose(s) were. It is important to be as precise as possible, and choose the most accurate verbs that you can to convey to view.
Virginia Woolf repeatedly symbolises the characters' thought processes using extensive imagery.
Virginia Woolf invites us to sympathise with a range of characters.
Virginia Woolf develops a tangible feeling of place and prioritises characterising the city of London above any individual.
3) How you would describe the themes or ideas beneath the plot of Mrs Dalloway. Develop some increasingly precise and provocative interpretations. Check Twitter for some of my ideas.
Post your epiphanies below ...
Really annoying missing apostrophe!
Please post responses as a comment below:
Before you start - use my Twitter Feed @cherwellenglish to see which quotations I feel might be useful. Look especially for #pov #london #england #experience #focalise.
I really recommend that you start a Twitter feed of your own today - to store and organise significant quotations. Or, use my quotations to start your own commonplace book. Probably best to print them out.
Find where these fall in the text and on your map (you may want to add the most useful). You can use the online e-book to help. Try looking for 'Dalloway' in my 'Categories' section.
Homework - for 21st November - please print out 2 developed paragraphs responding to this question. Need TEPE - search the blog.
And now ...
We are learning to answer some knowledge, comprehension and speculation questions about Narrative Style.
Read the opening to Mrs Dalloway and answer the questions below -
Now compose an answer to the key question indicated. Use the success criteria below to add increasing precision and depth:
Annotate your copy - it might look something like this:
Convert you sentences to a TEPE paragraph:
T = The author's use of narrative voice is significant.
Evidence = The conversational phrase 'what a morning' ...
Purpose = ... may be Woolf suggesting ...
Explanation = ...that the character's thoughts are derailing or even leading the narrative. The suddenness of the exclamation may even convey a sense that readers are experiencing the world with Clarissa. It seems that, looking out of the window, she sees the sunny weather and we immediately hear about it.
ENQUIRY: Why is there gender inequality in 2012?
We are examining feminism through a study of Mrs Dalloway, by Virginia Woolf.
Download an e-text version here: Mrs Dalloway e-text
Visit The Last Bookshop on St Aldates, or The Works on Cornmarket. You can get a copy for under £2.
Watch the 1997 film.
Even better, read The Hours by Michael Cunningham (Pulitzer Prize Winning) or watch the film (available on Netflix).
Read Virginia Woolf's essay on Women "A Room of One's Own" to see how they were kicking it in 1928: A Room of One's Own e-text
Two Hypotheses today:
- The internal (the mind) and the external (the world) are not just incompatible, but opposed, in Gothic Texts.
-Terror has a greater emotional effect on an audience or reader than Horror.
Internal and External ...
Ideas of good and evil attach to the opposition between the internal and the external. Macbeth’s haunting by the ghost of Banquo provides a good example. The ghost seems to be an externalisation of Macbeth’s guilt in the wake of Banquo’s murder:
It will have blood, they say: blood will have blood.
Act 3 Scene 4 line 122
Terror - Act IV (Banquet Scene). Ian McKellan
This is similar to Lady Macbeth’s feverish hand-washing as she tries to rid herself of the ‘damned spot’ (5.1.30) of Duncan’s blood which clings to the fingers of her mind. Such eruptions of the internalised world of the protagonists into the external world serve to emphasise the important conflict between internal and external realities.
Macbeth seems to find it difficult to separate outward appearance and hidden suggestions ...
I' the name of truth, are ye fantastical / Or that indeed which outwardly you show? (Macbeth to the Witches)
Macbeth’s frequent asides and soliloquys throughout the play indicate through dramatic convention the importance of this conflict and how dissembling (fake) his public persona often is. He is able, in order to gain power, to put into practise his wife’s injunction to:
look like th’innocent flower,
But be the serpent under’t
Act 1 Scene 5 lines 63-4
Even at the beginning of the play, Macbeth tries to repress (or hide his internal desires from the external world)
Stars hide your fires,/ let not light see my black and deep desires.
Shakespeare uses a whole tonne of metaphors that involve repressing, hiding, or concealing desire or guilt -
O full of scorpions is my mind. (4.3)
‘terrible dreams/That shake us nightly’ (3.2.18-9)
What is repression?
Have a look at the first half of this vid on Freud - it might help to work out how the mind works...
You don't need to understand all of this - but hear my words ...
The Gothic genre is built on the RETURN of the REPRESSED! When 'black and deep desires' break out and cause havoc...
The tortuous mental games of the witches, Macbeth and Lady Macbeth play are therefore typical of Gothic. There is often a cat-and-mouse, game-like quality to the interactions of Gothic, as villains toy with, and gain perverse pleasure from, the suffering and fears of their victims. David Punter writes about this:
"Gothic works, it is often objected, are not fully achieved works: they are fragmentary, inconsistent, jagged ... If Gothic works ‘do not come out right’, this is because they deal in psychological areas which themselves do not come out right, they deal in those structures of the mind which are compounded with repression rather than with the purified material to which realism claims access ... And it is here that we come to the crux of the matter: Gothic writers work – consciously or unconsciously – on the fringe of the acceptable, for it is on this borderland that fear resides."
Here Punter identifies the jagged, imperfect and psychologically disturbing world of Gothic. The form represents its contents and concerns; Gothic does not deal with the neat and the orderly, and therefore the works themselves are frequently neither. Interestingly for a play written in the classically ordered form of tragedy, such ideas are also integral to our understanding of Macbeth. The incursion of the messy and disorderly Gothic into the regimented world of tragic theatre illustrates Shakespeare’s boldness in experimenting with dramatic form. The combination of the highly ordered principles of tragedy with the freely rhapsodic nature of Gothic challenges the audience’s view of the possibilities of tragedy, creating something disturbingly complex, powerful and challenging.
Check it ... (listen closely to the END of this scene - pick out any words that help us to understand Macbeth's internal / external conflict)
Terror (example 2) - Act IV, Banquet Scene - Nicol Williamson
1) Open a Word Document
2) Cut and Paste Act IV, Scene III (the Banquet Scene) into the document!
3) Highlight in red any words or phrases that show a conflict between the external and the internal worlds.
4) Highlight in blue any words or phrases that explore the division between the real and unreal.
5) Be Freud - Macbeth is repressing memories and emotions, what are they? (approx 100 words, with evidence)?
6) Find the line 'Oh full of scorpions is my mind' - WHY is this such an awesome metaphor (research scorpions on Wikipedia)?
7) Macbeth talks of bad dreams - earlier he said that 'murdered sleep' - look really carefully at the imagery of Macbeth's language. What repressed fears or desires could these images represent. Give evidence and explanations (15 min)
8) Write a 150 word nightmare for Macbeth in which he explores his repressed desires.
9) Save that doc and paste 5, 6, 7 and 8 into a comment.
Homework Task - Directors have a choice when exploring the Banquet Scene that helps us to understand the division between Horror and Terror (rember, Barney?).
1) Create a Word document
2) Research the difference between Horror and Terror (try searching 'Sublime') and add these to your document.
3) Would you describe the Witches as agents of Horror or Terror? Pick one quotation from the play to back up your idea (don't go overboard...) Take about 10mins on this ... no idea ... move on!
4) Read the Banquet Scene Act 4.3 ... Click for Full Play ... Answer the following ...
-Stage Directions ... Did Shakespeare want the Ghost on Stage?
-Who sees the Ghost?
-What does Lady Macbeth say about the Ghost?
5) How would you present the Banquet Scene (Act IV) where Banquo's Ghost appears to highlight either the Terror or the Horror - which works better? (approx 150 words)
6) Paste your response into a comment!
7) Check this out - I thought that you might find it interesting to see a live version of Throne of Blood ...
Useful things to do with an online version -
1) Use the Edit / 'find' function to search for particular words that interest you.
2) Print of key scenes / quotations for annotation or learning for exam.
The Women in Macbeth
Last week, we thought about ... Real Witches and why people might believe / have believed in them.
Gothic Theories give us a way of trying to understand this...
The Female as VICTIM
In Classic Gothic Texts (1780 - 1890), women are often portrayed as the victims - to be preyed upon by a masculine aggressor - usually in a sexual way. Theorists would suggest that these stories are a symptom of a society living out its repressed sexual desires in disguised ways. The fact that these texts are often very disturbing tells us that, when sexual desire breaks out, it can be powerful and frightening. Think about Dracula (1890) sucking the blood of young virgins. We still see this portrayal in many more 'modern' Gothic texts - such as Alfred Hitchcock's classic movie - Psycho (1960).
FEMALE as Gothic DEVIL
What is interesting about Psycho is that, in spite of the famous shower scene, which is certainly an example of Gothic Terror and Horror (AND sexual violence) against a female victim ... the WHOLE notion of sexuality itself becomes fragmented, disjointed and disturbing. Norman Bates, the murderer, is a disturbed young schizophrenic who believes that, sometimes, he IS his deceased mother. When he murders, he dresses up in her clothes and a wig. He also lives in a freaky house full of weird stuff and dead animals.
Let's continue to examine the Witches in this light ...
Compare the two versions of the opening scene below ... watch them both
Which do you prefer, and why? Send me a comment with a brief explanation - try and use some evidence.
Now - which do you find most effective from a Gothic Perspective? Use the yellow sheet or the link below to help you... add a second comment.
-- Now, check out this scene - its Act 4, Scene 1 (when Macbeth seeks out the witches)
- Watch it a couple of times and then send me a comment that refers to A particular image that you found provactive - from a dramatic perspective, or from a Gothic perspective. Explain your answer.
If you get the chance ... here is Lady Macbeth recieving her letter from Macbeth.
For homework for next Thursday - read and annotate this scene (focussing on Gothic Themes and Images) - use text above (or photocopy book) and think outside the box - what about the whole 'unsex' me thing??
VICTIM or DEVIL
DRACULA or PSYCHO
Ta Da -
Enjoy the ppt
Your Homework - for Thursday ... Research and produce 400 words (and images) on one of the famous witches from literature (listed on your Yellow sheet) - e.g. Medusa...
Enjoy - and check back - I may add to the list ...